Pumpkin is a real gift of nature, which people have long used for food! The flesh of this fragrant, bright orange fruit is incredibly tasty, nutritious, and useful. And how many dishes can be prepared from a ripe pumpkin, so do not count! But even where gardening and gardening is not common due to the climatic features of the area, you can find a pumpkin in a vegetable store, supermarket or grocery store. The pumpkin is quite inexpensive. This means that you can enjoy this product of plant origin enough.
Benefits of pumpkin for the human body
Have you ever wondered what the secret of pumpkin popularity is? After all, this fruit, imbued with the rays of the sun and the juices of nature itself, is eaten in countries with different cultures, customs, and traditions. The manner of eating this fruit may be different, recipes also vary, but this product is appreciated by representatives of different world cuisines. And this is not for nothing! The matter is undoubtedly in the taste and, of course, the benefits of this product are invaluable. Let’s consider what is the benefit of pumpkin for the human body.
Description and characteristics
Pumpkin is an annual plant belonging to the melon culture. Pumpkin fruits reach up to 10 kilograms of weight at maturity. The shape of the fruit can be oval or round, irregular (pear-shaped). The color of the rind is bright orange, unsaturated green. The flesh has a honey-yellow or rich orange color. The fruit has a specific sweet-spicy aroma. The taste of ripe flesh depends strongly on the variety. More often it is a sweet or rich sweet taste, interspersed with the herbaceous juicy freshness characteristic of melons. The edible part of a pumpkin is not just the flesh. Pumpkin seeds are also widely used in cooking. They are eaten or added as condiments. Pumpkin seeds are used to make cosmetic oil.
Energy value and composition per 100 grams of product:
- 26 Kcal;
- 1 g – protein;
- 0.1 g – fat;
- up to 4.4 g — carbohydrates;
- water – 92 %.
It is noteworthy that this product does not contain starch, harmful fats. The main part of the mass is useful pulp, rich in dietary fibers and juices. Sugars in this vegetable fruit — 2.8 g to 0.4 g contains fiber.
What are the vitamins in pumpkin
Pumpkin is particularly valuable due to its rich content of vitamins and other useful substances.
One ripe fruit has:
- beta-carotene – up to 62 %;
- vitamin A – up to 42 %;
- alpha-carotene – up to 85 %;
- B vitamins (almost all) 201 to 5-10 %;
- vitamin E, C, K – up to 3-5 %.
This is a delicious flavored fruit contains:
- magnesium – 148 %;
- calcium – 2,2 %;
- manganese – 5.3 %;
- iron – 8 %;
- zinc 2.8 %;
- phosphorus – 6.2 %;
- potassium – 7.1 %.
This is only a small, but the most striking part of the chemical composition of the pumpkin. However, there are other substances in the pulp of this fruit that have a beneficial effect on human health.
The benefits of pumpkin for the body in simple words
Of course, it is easy for chemists and doctors to determine the usefulness of pumpkin for the body only when looking at the composition of this fruit. Well, we will try to understand what is the essence of the benefits of pumpkin for the human body, looking not only at what vitamins are in the pumpkin, but also taking into account the General features of this product.
So, the following benefits of pumpkin for human health are proved:
- cleansing the body of toxins and slags;
- normalization of water-salt balance;
- stabilization of metabolism;
- reduced blood pressure;
- increased hemoglobin;
- improving the structure of the tissues, increasing elasticity;
- rising immunity;
- antiparasitic property (pumpkin seeds);
- improve digestion;
- alignment of the glycemic profile in diabetes mellitus;
- strengthening of the heart muscle and vascular walls.
It is worth noting that the use of pumpkin pulp in food does not increase the risk of an extra set of kilograms. This fruit, given by the sun, is quite suitable for a healthy diet. Rich and tasty flesh saturates, but does not contribute to the deposition of adipose tissue in the body. Pumpkin displays, and does not retain excess fluid.
If we consider the benefits of this product from the point of view of medicine, we would like to note that pumpkin is recommended to be added to the diet at the risks or established fact of the presence of such diseases:
- some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (with the permission of the attending physician);
- catarrhal disease;
- temporary weakening of the immune system;
- menopause in women.
Pumpkin brings invaluable benefits to men and women of reproductive age. It is believed that fresh pumpkin juice has a beneficial effect on male potency. The vitamin saturation of this fruit is good for creating a healthy background in a woman’s body before conception and during gestation. The saturation of this product with iron indicates that the pulp is useful for hematopoiesis, and also helps to maintain a healthy balance of substances in the female body during the menstrual period in women.
Incredibly useful product pumpkin for baby food. The flesh of Sunny orange fruits is included in the children’s diet at the age of 1 year. Pumpkin helps to regulate digestion and gives the child’s body a lot of useful substances for growth and development. Pumpkin seeds are a safe remedy against parasites. By including seeds in your diet and children’s menu, you can create a reliable prevention of such an unpleasant disease as enterobiosis. Also, seeds have a beneficial effect on digestion. It is a proven fact that by regularly eating pumpkin, you can reliably protect your eyesight and keep your eyes healthy for a long time.
It is worth summing up, talking about the benefits of pumpkin. This product has a beneficial effect on many parts of the human body. But the pumpkin is also flawed. In some cases, this fruit can cause harm.
About the dangers of pumpkin
Let’s consider in which cases it is not necessary to eat a pumpkin:
- acute phase of gastric and duodenal ulcer;
- the presence of food Allergy to this product;
- period of indigestion;
- children under 6 months of age.
Here is a small list of options in which the pumpkin can not be eaten or can be eaten with caution. You should also know that any chronic diseases that require a special diet may be a contraindication for eating pumpkin. Need a consultation with a specialist!
How to eat pumpkin in the world
Here it is what an attractive pumpkin, the benefits and harm of which leaves no doubt that it is worth it to get interested and think about how to use it in your menu. To make this easier, let’s look at how this fruit is eaten around the world.
A huge number of different dishes are prepared from pumpkin pulp. The peculiarity of this product is that it can not be attributed to any one section of cooking. Pumpkin is used to prepare: first and second dishes, confectionery, beverages, seasonings, bases for semi-finished products, sauces, and much more.
Pumpkin is boiled, steamed, fried, and baked. Often use pumpkin without heat treatment. The juicy flesh of the fruit has a rich honey-refreshing taste that does not require any additions. Therefore, if there are no contraindications, it is better to eat pumpkin without additives and heat treatment. Pumpkin juice tastes incredibly good. The pulp is made into a very pleasant consistency and flavorful puree. Pumpkin is added to smoothies, fresh salads, and mixes.
How to choose a good pumpkin
To please yourself with the delicious and juicy flesh of this fruit, you should be able to choose it. How to choose a good pumpkin? It’s very simple! Ripe and high-quality product is beautiful to look at, smells good. If you press on the skin, it does not push through, and there are no dents. Ripe pumpkin has a fairly hard top layer, which is difficult to remove with a knife. If you cut a piece of pumpkin, the juice will stand out, transparent orange and slightly sticky. But it will not be much, it is felt only when touched. Pumpkin seeds are white, hard, and smooth. The tail (stalk) of a ripe fruit is slightly dried up, not rotten. Tapping on the surface of the fruit, you can hear a uniform, slightly muffled sound. If you hold the pumpkin to your ear and shake it slightly, you should not hear a splash, rustle, or roll. The flesh and seeds in a fresh ripe fruit are kept tight. On the surface of the skin should not be cracks, dents, scuffs, rotten “eyes”.
How much and how is the pumpkin stored
Pumpkin is not a perishable product. The fruit can be left for the winter and if properly stored, it will last the entire season. Store pumpkin fruits in a dry, dark, slightly cool place (up to 7 degrees). For long-term storage, take whole fruits.
In fact, pumpkin is a multi-faceted, useful and delicious plant! If you have some pumpkin in your refrigerator, then a delicious Breakfast, lunch or dinner is provided for you. From this fruit, you can prepare a festive menu. Pumpkin is good on all sides. It is delicious, healthy, bright and appetizing. And the flesh of this fruit smells very nice. Pumpkin flavor can be found in many perfume compositions.
The hard peel of the pumpkin makes wonderful souvenirs.
History! Pumpkin came to our country from Europe. And the birthplace of this culture is considered to be Mexico. This culture was started to grow purposefully 8,000 years ago. Today, we can say that most of the pumpkin is produced in China, and India. But even in European countries, this plant culture is valued, grown and widely used.