Jerusalem artichoke — is a root crop that is known today to almost every person who is interested in delicious and healthy food.
Because of the unpretentious “nature” of Jerusalem artichoke, it is grown even in the most unsuitable soils, in poorly lit areas. Dampness, lack of light, low saturation of the soil is not a hindrance for the jerusalem artichoke. But the main advantage of this plant is not easy to grow. The Jerusalem artichoke is beneficial to the human body. That’s why today it is popular. Let’s look at the properties of this plant in more detail.
Characteristics and properties of Jerusalem artichoke
The plant belongs to the Asteraceae family and is a genus of sunflowers. The ground part is represented by a bright yellow inflorescence, very similar to the common sunflower. The edible part is a root vegetable, which looks very similar to ginger tubers. It tastes like a cross between a Chinese pear and a potato. The plant is a perennial, unpretentious, propagated by dividing the rhizome (tubers). In total, there are about three hundred species of this plant in nature.
Useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke
What is so interested in the jerusalem artichoke of modern man? The root vegetable tastes very ordinary. To say that the taste of Jerusalem artichoke should be admired, it is unlikely to succeed. The taste is slightly sweet raw potatoes. But the useful properties of Jerusalem artichoke literally delight!
This root crop has a whole list of useful properties:
- has a positive effect on digestion;
- restores and improves the functioning of the endocrine glands;
- promotes weight correction for obesity problems and uncontrolled weight gain;
- increases the resistance of the immune system;
- stabilizes the hematopoietic system, improves blood circulation;
- improves the condition of tissues, strengthens the walls of blood vessels;
- strengthens the joints.
This is not a complete list of the advantages of this very simple-looking and tasty plant. It is worth noting that, in addition, the root crop is widely used in cooking and does not belong to a number of plants for which you can find recipes for cooking only medical products.
What is useful for the human body Jerusalem artichoke
Before proceeding to talk about the immediate benefits of Jerusalem artichoke for the human body, you should “dig inside” this plant a little and sort through the shelves, which substances justify the use of jerusalem artichoke for food and use for medicinal purposes. To find out, consider the chemical composition of the plant product.
Root vegetables contain the following vitamins and acids:
- PP – 1.3 mg;
- Beta-carotene – 0.012 mg;
- Folic acid-up to 18.8 mg;
- E – 0.15 mg;
- Thiamine (vitamin B1) – 0.07 mg;
- Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) – 0.23 mg;
- Vitamin A – 2mcg;
- Vitamin C — 6 mcg.
The nutritional value of Jerusalem artichoke is expressed in the following indicators per 100 grams of product:
- Calorie Content – 62 Kcal;
- Proteins – 2.2 g;
- Fat — 0.05 g;
- Carbohydrates – 13 g;
The content of dietary fiber in jerusalem artichoke is 3.8 grams. Water in one edible tuber — up to 82 %, starch-9.7 %, organic acids are up to 0.1% by weight, mono-and disaccharides-3.3 grams.
Considering the chemical composition of the root crop with an unprofessional view, it is still easy to understand that it is a moderately carbohydrate-filled product of plant origin, rich in vitamins, valuable dietary fibers, and organic acids. In Jerusalem artichoke, there are almost no fats, but there is a sufficient proportion of vegetable protein. The presence of starch indicates that the product gives satiety. Low calorage indicates that this root is not able to destabilize the balance of body weight, but, on the contrary, favors a smooth weight loss with regular use.
Use of Jerusalem artichoke
Now let’s look at what exactly is the benefit of Jerusalem artichoke for the human body.
System of digestion
Due to the impressive amount of dietary fiber, jerusalem artichoke has a beneficial effect on the digestive tract. The correct balance of acids helps to reduce the acidity of gastric secretion. This root vegetable has a positive effect on the pancreas, stabilizing its work and softening the overall load on this organ, as well as on the liver.
The use of jerusalem artichoke in diabetes mellitus (type 2) is caused by a slight hypoglycemic effect, which is provided by slowing the absorption of carbohydrates into the blood. This is facilitated by the saturation of the fruit with fiber and dietary fibers. The presence of natural inulin helps to saturate the cells of the human body with energy, while preventing excessive glucose overload. Everyone knows that diabetes affects blood vessels. One of the proven properties of Jerusalem artichoke is the strengthening of vascular walls.
Joints and tissues
Due to the high content of silicon, this root is useful for joints and soft tissues of the body. Eating jerusalem artichoke can restore and protect the health of joints, muscle tissue and increase the elasticity of the skin.
The content of vitamin C and useful acids makes jerusalem artichoke a natural immunomodulator. Eating root vegetables during the cold season, you can count on a light course of viral infections, or even forget about flu. If you include dishes from Jerusalem artichoke in your regular diet, you will be able to develop natural protective properties in the body, which will help the body to be stronger against any infectious diseases.
The root crop contains enough folic acid and vitamin E. These substances have a beneficial effect on the female reproductive system. If you want to conceive, carry a child without difficulties, you should highlight a special place in your diet for products with a high content of folic acid and vitamin E.
It is proved that the microelements contained in the jerusalem artichoke have a beneficial effect on the male urogenital system. First, the root crop is useful for restoring and preserving potency. Secondly, it is believed that this product is good as a prevention of the development of prostate adenoma and other diseases of the male reproductive system.
Jerusalem artichoke has a pronounced antioxidant property. This means that eating a root vegetable can prevent the rapid development of cell wilting processes and other destructive transformations. Using Jerusalem artichoke in your menu, you can improve the quality of your skin, nails, and hair by saturating it with useful substances that keep tissues young.
Jerusalem artichoke: contraindications
It is important to note that, in addition to the benefits, in rare cases, jerusalem artichoke can cause harm to the body. But this is only when contraindications have been ignored. So, it is contraindicated to eat this root vegetable:
- Allergy sufferers in case of individual intolerance to the components that saturate the fruit;
- Hypotension: the root crop has a pronounced hypotensive ability;
- People suffering from type 1 diabetes without proper correction of blood glucose with the help of insulin preparations can not eat Jerusalem artichoke, since the fruit contains sucrose and starch.
If you have any chronic diseases that require a special diet, you should consult with a specialist about the possibility of including Jerusalem artichoke in your diet.
What can be prepared from Jerusalem artichoke
Immediately I want to say that the root vegetable is delicious in its raw form without adding any additional ingredients that enhance the taste! That is, you can dig up jerusalem artichoke, peel it, cut it into convenient slices and just eat it. This is generally the best option for eating root vegetables. But this is not the only option!
The juice from the jerusalem artichoke
To get a delicious and healing juice, you need to take a few tubers, peel them, grate them on a grater and squeeze them through a gauze layer.
Salad of Jerusalem artichoke tubers
Taking 1-2 medium-sized tubers, you need to peel them. Then the flesh should be grated on a medium grater or chopped with a small bar. Any fragrant greens will make an excellent “company” of fresh jerusalem artichoke pulp. You can spice up the combination with a drop of gentle lime or lemon juice.
You can get a delicious combination if you take a little fresh carrot, 1-2 cucumbers, 1 tuber of ground pear. All components should be cleaned and cut into cubes. Fresh parsley, coriander and dill will help to decorate the composition. For piquancy, you can add a drop of olive oil to the composition.
Jerusalem artichoke smoothies
You can prepare a healing and very pleasant-tasting smoothie from Jerusalem artichoke and cucumber. Both components should be cleaned from the skin and chop cubes. Next, you need to put all the components in a blender and mash to the desired consistency. A sprig of mint and a drop of fresh lemon juice will add a piquant note to the drink. Also, this root vegetable can be combined with the flesh of melon, pineapple for making a refreshing dessert smoothie.
This is what it is, a delicious and healthy root crop, given to us by the North American continent. Do not discount it, even if at first glance the fruit seems unattractive. In fact, not everyone can understand its rich taste and appreciate its true power at once. But, having tried it in food several times, a rare person will later forget about this wonderful ingredient. But it is fair to say that there are absolute fans of Jerusalem artichoke. These are people who do not doubt at all that the jerusalem artichoke is tasty, useful and correct for maintaining a healthy tone in the body!