After a long winter, it is impossible not to enjoy the warm days and bright sun. Moreover, it is under the influence of ultraviolet rays that vitamin D is produced, which is responsible for many important processes in the body. However, the sun is not always friendly and affectionate. It is the impact of rays that contributes to the occurrence of sunburn. The latter are fraught with serious problems, so you should know how not only to fight the disease, but also to protect yourself from it.
Many skin types are exposed to the negative effects of UV rays. This is especially true for fair skin with freckles, which is not recommended to sunbathe. A long walk in the summer can also do harm. For people with dark or olive skin, things are much better: the tan fits perfectly, and the skin does not burn. However, this does not mean that you should relax.
Undoubtedly, sun baths are good for health and beauty. However, many do not adhere to the rules of staying in the sun: they forget to apply a protective cream or do it only for trips to the beach, sunbathe for several hours, do not wear capes and hats. Because of such seemingly small things, the chance of getting a sunburn increases greatly.
* Feeling of weakness,
* Increased body temperature,
* Peeling and redness of the skin.
If you ignore the rules and constantly get burned, it can lead to a number of diseases-from ulcers to cancer.
There are some factors that increase the risk of skin burns. As mentioned earlier, light skin is most exposed to sunlight, so much depends on the type of skin. It is also worth taking care of people with a large number of moles on the body – this can provoke the development of tumors. People with weak immune systems and children can be seriously affected by exposure to the sun.
Keeping in mind the risks, you should take care of your skin. Do not forget to use protective equipment. Apply creams or sprays before going outside, not just on the beach. Take a sun bath between 6 and 10 am and after 4 PM for no more than 20 minutes a day. Don’t neglect such wardrobe details as a hat or cap, sunglasses, and a light tunic.
If you still can’t avoid sunburn, you should deal with the problem as quickly as possible.
How to deal with sunburn at home
The burn may occur a few hours after exposure to the sun. As soon as the skin begins to redden, peel off and hurt when touched-start acting.
* Cool the affected area. A cool or cold shower, a cold compress or a cooling spray without alcohol will do. In any case, do not use soap or gel – this will only aggravate the skin condition and cause irritation.
* Grate or chop raw potatoes in a blender and carefully apply the finished mush to the burned area.
* Squeeze the juice from the cucumber and use a clean sponge to apply to the area of skin with a burn.
* You can also use aloe juice instead of cucumber. It not only heals wounds well, but also disinfects them.
* Crush the mint or menthol, apply to the affected area and cover with a tissue. This will help cool the skin and remove some of the pain.
* Lubricate the skin with protein and leave it without washing it off: it will disappear by itself.
* But low-fat dairy products are only suitable for mild burns – otherwise, applying sour cream or kefir will only worsen the patient’s condition.
* Do not forget about medicines: ointments and sprays with dexpanthenol, levomycetin and antihistamines.
* Warm infusions of chamomile and calendula also have an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect.
* If you don’t see any improvement or your child has received burns, don’t delay your visit to the doctor!
Take care of yourself and be healthy!