In autumn, the face turns red because of the sharp gusty wind on the street and the dry air at home and at work. However, a harmless seasonal “blush”, which easily passes without treatment, can hide skin diseases.
What is it? An” error ” of immunity that occurs after contact with an irritant in which immune cells see an enemy and therefore attack. The irritant may be soap, cosmetics, perfumes, jewelry, plants, medicines, and more.
How to recognize. Contact dermatitis occurs in the area that came into contact with the substance that caused the reaction. The affected area turns red or has a red rash, it itches, swells and becomes sensitive. Sometimes there are the blisters.
— You need to immediately stop contact with a possible irritant-give up cosmetics or remove jewelry, watches or scarves that could cause contact dermatitis. Antihistamines will help relieve allergic inflammation. It is better to choose second-generation drugs, because they do not cause drowsiness.
What is it? A disease with a genetic predisposition that often haunts people with allergies. Atopic dermatitis sometimes worsens, then disappears — and is not completely cured. Cosmetic or cleaning products, wool or synthetic fabrics, hormonal disorders, and cold, wet or too dry autumn weather can trigger an attack.
How to recognize. People with atopic dermatitis usually have very dry skin. Flaky red spots primarily occur on the hands, the inside of the elbows or knees, and in children – on the face and scalp. The affected areas of the skin thicken, roughen, often crack and itch strongly, over time, pigmented — that is, acquire a darker color.
— If a person suspects atopic dermatitis, it is better to consult a doctor immediately. The specialist will conduct an inspection and collect additional information. If it is possible to identify any other diseases from the atopic triad-in addition to dermatitis, this is an Allergy to pollen (pollinosis) and bronchial asthma-he will refer the patient to an allergist.
What is it? Although the phrase “sunburn” is more like a beach holiday than an autumn slush, the sun shines all year round. The intensity of ultraviolet radiation in autumn is lower than in summer — if only because some of the ultraviolet is scattered by clouds – but the chance of getting a sunburn in October is not only in southern latitudes.
How to recognize. The skin turns red and becomes very sensitive. And if you spent a day at a ski resort, forgetting the sunscreen at home, then the burned area of the skin may swell, become covered with bubbles, and after a couple of days the skin will begin to peel off.
– Damaged skin quickly loses moisture, with light degrees of burn, it makes sense to moisturize it with special foams, gels, light lotions or low-fat cream with panthenol or aloe, which are sold in cosmetic stores or pharmacies. And in order not to aggravate the sunburn, you should use a cream with SPF, wear sunglasses and a headdress, and do not go out in the sun in the active phase.
What is it? A reaction that occurs in response to skin damage or irritation. When urticaria cells are released into the blood histamine-a substance that provokes an allergic reaction. It is difficult to say why this reaction turns into a problem for some people, but for others it does not occur at all.
In people who are prone to urticaria, histamine release is unpredictable, because it can be triggered by many reasons: insect bites, painkillers, scratches, microbes, pressure from an elastic band on clothing, physical activity, heat, cold, or sunlight.
How to recognize. Red itchy spots appear on the skin, which can change shape over time, disappear and reappear. Sometimes when urticaria occurs painful swelling of the face or the inner part of the throat, the temperature may rise.
— If within an hour the swelling does not subside and there is no clinic nearby where you can go for advice, you need to call an ambulance. Swelling in the face is a serious condition that is safer to treat in a hospital.
What is it? Medical mystery: no one knows exactly how this disease occurs. Some doctors believe that the problem is in the structure of blood vessels on the face, while others blame microscopic mites that live in the skin. But it is known for sure that rosacea can leave and return.
All the same reasons as urticaria can provoke an attack, plus hot drinks and medications. Sometimes even those who, in fact, should remove this very irritation. If you use a hormone cream with hydrocortisone for longer than it should, it can itself cause steroid rosacea.
How to recognize. First, the skin of the face turns red. Then the area of redness begins to burn and tingle, nodules appear on it, and tiny blood vessels appear under the skin.
– Treatment will depend on the stage of the disease. In any case, you should consult a doctor. Before that, avoid contact with hot water, steam — for example, do not wash in hot water and do not stand at the stove. You do not need to eat spicy food, drink coffee and alcohol, you will have to temporarily give up decorative cosmetics. Avoid gusts of wind (it is better to cover your face with a scarf), use sunscreen and apply moisturizers for sensitive skin.
Treatment of rosacea is long, including taking medications and using special creams that must be selected by the doctor. If the face has already developed persistent, persistent redness and small blood vessels, the doctor will most likely recommend that you contact a cosmetologist for laser correction.
When to see a doctor
Dermatologists around the world believe that if redness on the face lasts longer than two weeks, it’s time to make an appointment with a dermatologist.
In addition, we recommends that you urgently seek medical help in such cases:
- If redness of the face is accompanied by lethargy, fatigue, high temperature, problems with breathing and heartbeat.
- If the rash on the face develops very aggressively — that is, the face does not just turn red, but it appears blisters, ulcers, small bleeding, swollen eyelids, flaky skin, the rash spreads to the neck or body.