Grapefruit has been known to people since the 18th century. In those days, it was called the “forbidden fruit”. Known to us today, the name of the fruit acquired in 1814, namely in Jamaica. This citrus was the result of a random cross between a pomelo and an orange. After a while, it became so popular that it was industrially produced in America, South Africa, and Israel. In this article, we will look at the benefits of grapefruit and what harm it can cause to health?
Grapefruits grow on evergreen trees that reach a height of 12 meters. Fruits in diameter are from 10 to 15 cm, and their weight in some cases reaches almost half a kilogram. There are about 20 varieties of this wonderful fruit.
It is worth noting that not everyone likes the taste of this exotic fruit. Unlike an orange, it is more sour and even slightly bitter. However, most nutritionists consider it a suitable fruit for dietary nutrition, since its caloric content is 35 calories.
What is useful is contained in the fruit of grapefruit?
The composition of grapefruit is diverse. It includes those vitamins and useful trace elements that are contained in both orange and pomelo. Ascorbic acid deserves special attention. And there is so much of it that by eating one fruit, you will replenish the daily supply of this component.
Glycosides (special organic substances), which are part of the fruit, give it a small bitterness. But in addition, they have a beneficial effect on the digestive tract, increase lipid metabolism and contribute to the production of bile, and this, in turn, helps to eliminate constipation.
Naringin (a plant flavonoid) deserves special attention. It is obtained from the skin of the fruit, and is also found in the white bitter walls of the fruit. This component helps fight harmful cholesterol, and also suppresses a strong appetite. Due to the fact that grapefruits contain a record amount of this component, the fruits are recommended for weight loss.
In its composition, this citrus is somewhat similar to a lemon. It contains a whole set of vitamins:
- A (retinol 0.02 mg);
- B1 (thiamine 0.05 mg), B2 (Riboflavin 0.03 mg), B9 (folic acid 3 mcg);
- C (ascorbic acid 45 mg);
- PP (nicotinic acid 0.23 mg).
Vitamin A, for example, has a beneficial effect on the recovery processes in the body, on vision and improves metabolism. it is also, like vitamin C, an essential component for the normal functioning of the immune system.
B vitamins at the cellular level are involved in almost all processes of the body. For example, B1 and B2 are responsible for the normal functioning of the Central nervous system. It is known that the aroma and juice of grapefruit helps fight depression and improve sleep. B2 also contributes to the formation of red blood cells and helps to digest iron. Thanks to this component, as well as folic acid, grapefruit is applicable for anemia.
Vitamin PP is essential for the human body. It promotes the expansion of blood vessels, even small ones, located in the brain, as well as reduces anxiety and irritability, so the fruit should be eaten by those who suffer from migraine, anxiety or schizophrenia. Nicotinic acid reduces cholesterol levels and also supports skin health. That is why grapefruit is widely used in cosmetology, it is used not only inside, but also for external use. It can eliminate age spots, freckles and whiten the skin.
What is the benefit of grapefruit for the human body?
Unlike all other citrus fruits, grapefruit is preserved much better. Although the fruits ripen only at the end of the year, they can lie until the next summer, retain all the useful components and not deteriorate. Useful properties of grapefruit are especially noticeable if you use it in its raw form. You can use it to prepare fruit salads, desserts, and add it to meat dishes.
In this fruit, everything is useful, both the flesh and the peel. For example, the zest of this fruit is used in such cases:
- For the treatment of heartburn;
- For stomach pains (dry the skin, grate it on a small grater, and then dissolve it every day, chew it and then swallow it);
- To give vigor to the in the morning and remove toxins from the body (add zest to the tea, it will give the drink flavor and taste);
- For scratches, mosquito bites, cuts, and psoriasis;
- To clean the skin (added to the peeling; after the procedure, the skin becomes more susceptible to the sun, so you should apply sunscreen).
Freshly squeezed grapefruit juice has the following effects:
- It has a positive effect on the nervous system and helps to maintain a good mood;
- Eliminates insomnia (you need to drink a glass of freshly squeezed juice at night);
- Due to the presence of antioxidants, the juice lowers the level of bad cholesterol;
- Reduces premature fatigue and raises the tone for the whole day (it is recommended to drink a glass of grapefruit juice in the morning for Breakfast).
In addition, the fruit is generally useful for those who suffer from diabetes, as it is able to lower blood sugar. If you use citrus every day, you can reduce the dose of insulin. And if you suffer from bleeding gums, regular use of grapefruit will help you forget about this problem.
Benefits for women
A huge role for women has vitamin C and folic acid, which is found in the composition of grapefruit. These two components contribute to the normal formation of the embryo’s nerve cells, so that the child develops correctly. In addition, this component reduces the risk of premature birth.
Grapefruit is also useful for women during menopause, as it can relieve symptoms and negative consequences.
Benefits for men
It is noted that grapefruit helps to get rid of alcohol intoxication. This is especially appropriate for men who need to go to work after a party the next morning. To restore normal health, just drink a glass of freshly squeezed juice.
Due to its unique components, grapefruit is added to the diet of people who are professionally engaged in sports. Also, this citrus, along with physical activity, helps to get rid of the”beer tummy”.
What is harmful about grapefruit? Contraindications to its use
With regular use of grapefruit, you need to be careful, as it can be harmful to health. When using this citrus, remember the 4 basic rules:
- You can not drink juice at the same time with medications.
- The amount of juice should be limited especially for those who suffer from ulcers or gastritis.
- After eating the fruit, it is recommended to rinse your mouth with water to eliminate the possibility of violation of the tooth enamel.
- Grapefruit is not compatible with anti-allergic drugs, as well as antidepressants and medications that reduce cholesterol and blood pressure.
The harm of grapefruit can also be felt by women who use birth control pills. After all, this fruit can not only reduce the effect of these drugs, but also harm your health.
And, although the peel of this citrus is useful, it should be used with caution, since it absorbs all the chemistry that is used to treat fruits from diseases and insects. Special preparations are also used to preserve the marketable appearance, as a result, the fruits become as if rubbed with wax. Therefore, when buying, it is better to choose fruits that are unattractive in appearance and have a matte shell.
So, after seeing what is useful grapefruit, and what harm it can bring, most likely, you will use it correctly and with caution, observing the daily norm-1 fruit per day.